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kuuga 51M
2 posts
3/18/2024 10:38 pm
Yisibaxi Rebellion


The Yisibaxi Rebellion, also known as the Persian Garrison Soldier Uprising, was a nearly decade-long conflict that occurred in Fujian province, China, from 1357 to 1366 towards the end of the Yuan Dynasty. It was characterized by a chaotic struggle among various warlords, with the Persian military force known as the Yisibaxi army playing a central role. The term "Yisibaxi" refers to armed Persians in Quanzhou, hence the rebellion is sometimes referred to as the "Persian Garrison Soldier Uprising."

During the rebellion, the Yisibaxi army controlled Quanzhou and intervened in Fujian's politics. They temporarily occupied Fuzhou and participated in local conflicts in Xinghua, triggering large-scale battles involving multiple factions along the Fujian coast. They also directly confronted the Yuan Dynasty's provincial government in Fujian. Eventually, the rebellion was quelled by Yuan general Chen Youding.

The rebellion devastated areas such as Quanzhou, Fuzhou, and Xinghua, resulting in significant civilian casualties. Religious and ethnic animosities flared during and after the rebellion, leading to the decline of Islamic practices in Quanzhou and Xinghua.

During the early to mid-13th century, overseas trade in Fujian flourished, particularly in Quanzhou, which was a major port city and the starting point of the Maritime Silk Road. Quanzhou boasted a population exceeding 200,000, surpassing the administrative center Fuzhou in size. Arabs referred to Quanzhou as Zaiton, a name adopted by European merchants as well. The city had extensive trade networks, exporting silk, ceramics, copperware, and Quanzhou satin, while importing goods like pearls, ivory, rhinoceros horn, frankincense, myrrh, and cotton textiles. Spices and medicinal products were among the primary imports.

Quanzhou was home to a diverse population, including Arabs, Persians, European Christians, Jews, Indians, and Africans. The city accommodated around 100 languages due to this influx of foreigners. Foreigners, referred to as "fan" or "fanren," were initially not allowed to reside within the city walls. However, as their numbers increased, Quanzhou witnessed widespread intermingling between the Han Chinese locals and foreigners, leading to the emergence of extensive foreign settlements known as "fanfang" or "fanren lane." Intermarriage between locals and foreigners resulted in a mixed-race population known as "Bannanfan." While there was cultural exchange between the locals and foreigners, they generally maintained distinct religious beliefs and cultural practices. Various religions, including Islam, Christianity, Manichaeism, and Hinduism, flourished in Quanzhou, adding to the city's cultural diversity and administrative complexity.

looking4afun1 46M  
75 posts
3/18/2024 10:46 pm

I never knew this. Thank you. History is so fascinating.